Termites are small insects that live in colonies and can cause major damage to timber. Although they are known for eating wood, they can also damage rugs, paper, cloth, and even metal and plastic. Termite damage is often internal and difficult to detect until the material is severely damaged. There are three castes of termites: reproductive termites (which are dark and winged) workers (which are white) and soldiers (which are white with large heads and jaws).
How to Identify a Termite Infestation
When mating, reproductive termites will leave the colony and can be seen swarming outdoors. They are dark brown or black, about 3/8″ long, and winged.
Another way to spot a termite infestation is to look for tunnels. If termites must travel over a barrier such as concrete to reach wood, they will build mud tunnels over the barrier.
Although difficult to spot unless the infestation is severe, small holes in wood are possible evidence of a termite infestation.
Dealing with a Termite Infestation
If you suspect that you have a termite problem, contact a professional immediately. Termite control is extremely difficult and requires expert care. First, a thorough investigation must be conducted to determine the extent and source of the infestation. Methods for eliminating termite infestation will vary according to your building’s structural design, location, and the type and extent of the infestation.
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